Health Insurance: Why It Is Important

Health Insurance: Why It Is Important

In case you don’t know, health insurance is a type of assurance that is given based on agreed terms in case the insured person falls sick or needs medical treatment. The insured life may have a chronic condition requiring medical care for years to come. Let’s know more about it.


Who will pay for the medical expenses?

This is one of the most common questions that people ask. If you have a health insurance, you can have the peace of mind that your health will be taken care of. Actually, it is a type of agreement or contract between you (policyholder) and the company providing health insurance. The purpose of the agreement or contract is to provide protection against costs. At times, the costs are so high that the sick person is unable to pay the bills. As a result, the person is unable to get the care he needs to recover.

While you will pay a monthly or annual premium, you should expect that the amount of premium you are going to pay would be far less than the amount you would pay in case of illness.

Keep in mind that health insurance is a type of benefit that a non-profit organization, private business or a government agency provides. In order to figure out the cost, the company gets an estimate of the collective medical cost of all of the people in the state. Then the risk is divided among the policy subscribers.

As far as the concept goes, the insurer knows that one person may suffer from huge unexpected health care expenses while the other person may incur no expenses at all. So, the expense is spread across a large group of people in an effort to make the health insurance much more affordable for all the insured lives.

Aside from this, public plans are funded by the government. Therefore, they offer extra health insurance to the vulnerable groups like people with disabilities and seniors.

Let’s take an example to understand the concept better. A person with Cerebral Palsy needs special treatment through their lifespan. It’s understood that a chronic illness costs a lot more money than a standard care. Cerebral Palsy may result in a physical impairment that may last for the whole life of the sufferer.

The treatment for this condition may require regular doctor visits, many therapies and long hospital stays. Based on the degree of impairment, you may need special health insurance. Many health care professionals will involve, such as vocational therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, orthopedic surgeons, radiologists, pediatrician, neurologists and so on.

Some patients may need the services of more than one. Some may even need a speech pathologist, registered dietician, cosmetic dentists or urologist, to name a few.

So, the coverage offered can help you get some relief as far as the burden of the expenses is concerned. If you don’t sign up, you may suffer from a lot of financial strain and you may need help from other sources like charity organizations and community groups. Therefore, it’s a good idea to benefit from a health insurance.


Understanding Health Insurance: A Comprehensive Guide


Health insurance plays a critical role in safeguarding individuals and families from the financial burden of medical expenses. It provides coverage for a wide range of healthcare services, including preventive care, hospitalizations, surgeries, prescription medications, and more. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of health insurance, its key components, types of plans, common terminologies, and important considerations to help you navigate the complex world of healthcare coverage.

I. What is Health Insurance? Health insurance is a contract between an individual and an insurance company that provides financial protection against the cost of medical care. By paying regular premiums, policyholders gain access to a network of healthcare providers and receive coverage for eligible medical expenses.


II. Key Components of Health Insurance:

  1. Premium: This is the amount policyholders pay on a regular basis, typically monthly or annually, to maintain their health insurance coverage.
  2. Deductible: It refers to the predetermined amount an individual must pay out-of-pocket before the insurance company starts covering the costs. For instance, if you have a $1,000 deductible and incur medical expenses of $3,000, you would pay the first $1,000, and the insurance company would cover the remaining $2,000.
  3. Copayment: A copayment, or copay, is a fixed amount you pay for certain healthcare services, such as a doctor’s visit or prescription medication. The insurance company covers the remaining cost.
  4. Coinsurance: Coinsurance is the percentage of the medical costs you are responsible for after meeting your deductible. For example, if your coinsurance is 20%, you would pay 20% of the cost, while the insurance company covers the remaining 80%.


III. Types of Health Insurance Plans:

  1. Health Maintenance Organization (HMO): HMO plans require policyholders to choose a primary care physician (PCP) who coordinates all their healthcare needs. Referrals from the PCP are typically necessary to see specialists, and out-of-network care is generally not covered except for emergencies.
  2. Preferred Provider Organization (PPO): PPO plans offer more flexibility in choosing healthcare providers. Policyholders can see specialists without a referral, both in-network and out-of-network, but the latter usually involves higher out-of-pocket costs.
  3. Exclusive Provider Organization (EPO): EPO plans combine features of HMOs and PPOs. They typically do not require referrals for specialists but only cover in-network care, except for emergencies.
  4. Point of Service (POS): POS plans resemble HMOs but allow policyholders to seek out-of-network care at a higher cost. They require a PCP and referrals for specialists.


IV. Common Health Insurance Terminology:

  1. Out-of-pocket maximum: This is the maximum amount an individual has to pay out-of-pocket in a given year. Once reached, the insurance company covers 100% of the remaining covered expenses.
  2. Preauthorization: Some health insurance plans require preauthorization for certain procedures or services to ensure medical necessity.
  3. Network: A network is a list of healthcare providers, hospitals, and pharmacies that have contracted with the insurance company to provide services at negotiated rates.
  4. Formulary: A formulary is a list of prescription drugs covered by the insurance plan, often organized into tiers that determine copayment or coinsurance amounts.


V. Important Considerations:

  1. Coverage: Understand what services and treatments are covered under your health insurance plan, including exclusions and limitations.
  2. Network: Check if your preferred healthcare providers are included in the plan’s network to ensure the best access to care.
  3. Costs: Consider the premiums, deductibles, copayments, coinsurance, and out-of-pocket maximums to determine the total cost of the plan.
  4. Benefits: Evaluate the additional benefits offered, such as preventive care, maternity coverage, mental health services, and prescription drug coverage.
  5. Enrollment Periods: Be aware of open enrollment periods and special enrollment periods to enroll or make changes to your health insurance plan.



Health insurance is a vital tool that provides financial protection and access to healthcare services. Understanding its key components, plan types, terminology, and important considerations empowers individuals to make informed decisions about their healthcare coverage. By carefully evaluating and selecting the right health insurance plan, individuals and families can ensure their medical needs are met while minimizing the financial impact of healthcare expenses.



Insurance is a way to protect against financial loss. It involves paying a premium to an insurance company in exchange for the promise of payment or reimbursement for certain losses or damages. Insurance can help individuals, businesses, and organizations manage risks and protect against unexpected events.

There are many different types of insurance available, including:

  1. Health Insurance: This type of insurance helps cover the cost of medical expenses, such as doctor visits, hospital stays, and prescription drugs.
  2. Life Insurance: Life insurance provides a lump-sum payment to the insured’s beneficiaries in the event of their death. It can help provide financial security for loved ones and cover expenses such as funeral costs and outstanding debts.
  3. Auto Insurance: Auto insurance provides coverage for damage or injury caused by a car accident. It can also provide coverage for theft, vandalism, and other incidents.
  4. Homeowners Insurance: This type of insurance helps protect homeowners against damage or loss to their property, as well as liability for injuries or damage caused to others on their property.
  5. Renters Insurance: Renters insurance provides coverage for personal property and liability for renters.
  6. Business Insurance: Business insurance provides coverage for various types of risks that businesses may face, such as liability, property damage, and employee injuries.

Insurance policies can vary widely in terms of coverage, exclusions, and premiums. It’s important to carefully review any insurance policy before purchasing it and to understand what is covered and what is not.

Insurance companies use various methods to assess risk and determine premiums, including actuarial science, statistical analysis, and underwriting. Factors such as age, health status, driving history, and location can all impact insurance premiums.

In conclusion, insurance is a way to protect against financial loss and manage risks. There are many different types of insurance available, including health insurance, life insurance, auto insurance, homeowners insurance, renters insurance, and business insurance.

It’s important to carefully review any insurance policy before purchasing it and to understand what is covered and what is not. Insurance companies use various methods to assess risk and determine premiums, and factors such as age, health status, driving history, and location can all impact insurance premiums.


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